Whether you’re a recreational drug user or not, chances are you’ve heard stories surrounding MDMA (Ecstasy) and the somewhat deadly affects it can have. Since its boom in the 90’s, club scenes around the world have long compared how today’s MDMA is but a shadow of its former strength, quality and ultimately purity.
The drug itself, whether sold in pill or powder/crystallised forms contains one single ingredient: MDMA, or 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine if you want to get technical! Anything else has been modified to include other, sometimes highly toxic and deadly chemical components. American Addiction Center (via Pill Reports Data) analysed over 25,000 test reports from around the world from 2005 to 2017, and found that nearly 500,000 ‘MDMA’ pills inspected were adulterated.
Here’s the facts, stay safe!
Ecstasy Reports Around the World
Pills and capsules filled with toxic substances masquerading as ecstasy can be just as dangerous. Due to the rise in popularity of ecstasy pills, some companies have even begun manufacturing testing kits to help protect users from ingesting unknown substances, like such festival in UK use, where recently concrete and pesticides were found in pulls.
In some cases, MDxx was as prevalent as MDMA, or even more so. MDxx is closely structured chemically like MDMA, and some testing kits can’t distinguish between the two.
However, while MDMA and MDxx made up the bulk of pill contents studied, more than 1 in 6 pills contained unknown substances that couldn’t be identified at all. More than 8 percent contained a mixture of MDxx and amphetamines (commonly referred to as speed or meth), and over 1 percent between 2016 and 2017 contained a drug known as PMA (or paramethoxyamphetamine).
Ecstasy Purity Across the Globe
PMA mimics the effects of ecstasy but can be up to 10 times more potent. Since PMA takes longer than MDMA to take effect, users sometimes take more of the drug to feel high, which, in some cases, has led to death.
According to data from PillReports.net, of the 25,725 pills sold as ecstasy in six countries, just over a third were pure MDMA. In countries like the Netherlands and U.K., these percentages were higher but never exceeded 69 percent.